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Lorestan rugs

 
The Lors Tribes who are living in western and south-western part of Iran belong to the oldest known of the Iranian peoples. Among the tribesmen and town centres of the Lorestan region, carpet weaving has a more or less good commercial market. Weaving and dyeing, in this area go back to the Kingdom of Ghajar dynasty (1796-1925). The hand woven carpets of the Lorestan tribesman, which are named "Lori carpets", are mostly in geometrical designs with a row of medallions in lozenge shape and with a background of red and blue.

One of the most popular designs of the "tori" carpet is the design composed of weeping willows and cypresses.

Near Bruijerd, in the mountainous plateau of Saraband the weavers produce beautiful carpets with Boi'teh Miri patterns spread all over the field, which resembles the Sarugh carpets. Another characteristic form of Saraband carpet is the lace-like, where the background is in cream colour. In the Saraband region, they also weave carpets with interlaced lozenge medallions resembling those produced in Hamedan.

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The Luri

The Luri, like the Kurds, are descended front the Modes and today the tribe which comprises about a hundred thousand families, is domiciled in the province of Luristan, Many of its members wander over a large territory selling their carpets on the way. Thus Luri carpets reach the trade not only via the markets of the provincial capital Khorramabad, but also from Kermanshah, Hamadan, Isfahan and Arak, These carpets are closely related to Kurdish weaving hut are still more original in composition and more robust.
Sizes: rug sizes rarely exceed 1.50 x 2.20 m (5 ft. x 7 ft. 3 in.).
Colors: good quality wools almost exclusively colored with natural dyes, including madder red, indigo blue, saffron yellow and green ( obtained from blue and yellow).
Patterns: the stiffness of the geometrical designs is softened by the long pile which may attenuate the drawing to the point of appearing ‘washed- out’ even in spite of the brilliant colors.
Foundation: warps and wefts are of undyed wool.
Knots: coarsely woven in the Turkish knot, with 500-1,000 knots per sq. dm (30-60 per sq. in.).
Pile: strong, glossy wool, cut high to very high.
Quality: these are rustic furnishing carpets of very good quality, recommended to the novice collector, as well as of ethnological interest. Old and antique Luri pieces can still be found and are highly prized by collectors.

Saudsh-Bulag

Near the border with Azerbaijan lics the lake of Urmia to the south of which is the former Kurdish city ul Mehrabad. There the ‘Saudsh—Bulag’ has taken its name from the cold spring’. As with Mosul or Kermanshah, the name stands for the market town through which carpets of the area were traded. No carpets appear under this name on the market today and
a Saudsh-Bulag is likely to be an old or antique piece, a ‘find’ for the enthusiast.
Sizes: only small rugs, up to 8 sq m (87 sq. ft.), occasionally up to 12 sq. m (130 sq. ft.) usually twice as long as they are wide.
Colors: blue generally or predominates, with dark blue often used as the bled color and sometime very beautiful combinations of light and dark blue. Red is used for contrast and outlines in general. Only naturally dyed wool is hound.
Patterns: Interesting medallion designs in green on a blue field, rose and
stylized palmate patterns are common. Variations of rose patterns are found in the borders.
Foundation: warps and wefts ale of cotton
Knots: coarse to medium fine weaves in the Turkish knot with 1,000-2,000 knots per sq. dm (65 - 130 Per sq. in.) using very good glossy wool.
Pile: generally clipped medium high.
Quality: rugs with subtle and harmonious use of high practical
and collector value: very hard wearing but usually to valuable for everyday use.
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