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Kordestan and Kermanshahan

 
The mountainous areas of these two western provinces of Iran are very suitable for grazing sheep and cattle. The main weaving centres in Kordestan are Sanandaj (the capital of the province once known as Senneh) and Bijar. In the province of Kermanshahan only a few centres such as Kermanshah and Songhor-Kolyai produce carpets.

The quality of carpets in these later cities is not as good as those of Sanandaj and Bijar . In Kermanshah and its surrounding villages most of the rugs are woven in the form of runners and are thick-piled.

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The Kurds

The carpets of the mountain Kurds that come onto the Persian market place art known as Kurdistani or Kurdish, and include those produced in the neighboring areas of Anatolia and Iraq. In addition imaginative labels are devised by the trade, especially when the origin of the piece is not clear.
The mountain Kurds live from cotton, cereal and tobacco cultivation, and in the north of the region predominantly from sheep and goat herding. They are a proud people and the gun is an integral part of male dress. The sedentary amongst them live in fortified defensible settlements. The Kurds are strict mostly Shi’ite Muslims, almost always monogamous and the women live under orthodox family discipline, although without the veil.
Sizes: small pieces, 0.80-1.50 m x 1.00-2.00 m(3 ft.- 5 ft. x 3 ft. 3 in.- 6 ft. 6 in.) are most common. Few runners and larger carpets are produced although small squarer pieces are sometimes found.
Colors: various shades of deep red, warm sand and brow n tones are popular. Good green, blue and yellow tunes are produced with natural dyes but are relatively rarely used. Synthetic dyes are found rather
infrequently.
Patterns: designs are often very simple but not without charm. Floral designs are strongly stylized and differ greatly depending on the tribal style and tradition. Mini-khani Shah Abbas and arabesque patternsused in simplified forms adapted to the coarse weave — were applied above all, in old and antique pieces.
Foundation: warps and welts are mainly of wool, occasionally of cotton; Anatolian Kurdish pieces arc also found with warps of goats’ hair. The weft yarn in Kurdish carpets is often dyed.
Knots: the weave is very coarse to coarse, in the Turkish knot, with knot densities from 500-1,000 knots per sq. dm (30-60 per sq. in.).
Pile: cut high to very high, often with a ‘floppy’ handle.
Quality: a number of different qualities can he distinguished especially in the Anatolian products some of which may have discordant colors. Old and antique pieces, which can still be found occasionally, are good
furnishing carpets as well as being admired by many connoisseurs.

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